Welcome to the second day of the #BlogchatterA2Z challenge!!!!!!!
Today I will take you on a journey through the wilderness of Uttarakhand to search for a fruit.I also assure you that it is going to be a lyrical journey!!!!
Come join me.
Botanical Name:- Ficus palmate
Local name:- Khemri (Hindi); Bedu (Kumaon); Indian Fig (English); Bendu (Nepali); Anjir.
It is a sweet and juicy fruit and is found in abundance in the wild. It is a source of minerals, phosphorus and a small amount of Vitamin C.
- Helps in relieving inflammation
- Sap is used in the treatment of warts.
- Treatment of constipation and diseases of the lungs and bladder.
- The latex of the plant is also used to take out thorns if they are lodged deep in the skin.
- Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization. Each species of fig requires a specialized species of wasp that is itself totally dependent upon that fig species in order to breed.
- The trees produce three types of flowers:- male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
I am sharing a few YouTube links to answer some important questions:-
- Do figs contain digested wasps?
- Life cycle of a fig wasp.
- Video of wasps entering a fig.
Even though the current generation is not very fond of the Bedu fruit but it has been immortalized in the form of a song ‘Bedu pako barah masa’.
So, here begins our enthralling lyrical journey……
‘Bedu pako barah masa’ is a Kumaoni folk song reflecting the natural beauty, the changing seasons and traditions of Uttarakhand.
The refrain which is ‘Bedu pako barah masa’ can be translated as follows:-
Bedu means berries; pako means ripe; barah means 12; Masa is month. Collectively it means, Berries ripen in all twelve months.
The song is like the state anthem of Uttarakhand. It has been performed worldwide and sends waves of nostalgia, longing and attachment for those who belong to this state.
The song was written by Brijendra Lal Shah and composed by Mohan Upreti and B M Shah in Raag Durga. According to Wikipedia, it was first played on stage in 1952 at the Government Inter College, Nainital and became familiar nationally when it was performed at Teen Murti Bhavan in honour of an international gathering. The then Prime Minister of India,Jawaharlal Nehru, chose this song as the best folk song among other participants from India.
Bedu pako barah masa:-
THEME OF THE SONG:-
The theme of the refrain (‘Bedu pako barah masa’) is symbolic.The Bedu fruit which ripens round the year is not valued much but the deliciously sweet bayberry only appears briefly during the short season in April and May i.e. in the month of Chaith. Thus it is something to look forward to in the midst of an ordinary existence. In a state typified by mountainous terrain the warmth of spring and summer brings a promising bounty of flowers and berries and gladdens the heart.
The verses express the emotions of a woman giving reasons to her beloved husband as she wants to visit her mother’s place.
In general, ‘Bedu’ fruit has only a limited value be it eating or other usages among Kumaoni and Garhwali people, hence not considered as a fruit at all. However ‘Kaphal’ not only tastes good but also it happens to ripen around the month when natural beauty touches its extreme.
This entire natural beauty instigates childhood memories and fun days within her heart and she expresses her interest of going to her mother’s place. It shows her longing to visit her mother. The composer has also included places like Almora and Nainital in the songs and the famous things therein. In one of the lines the composer provides us with the powerful bond of love between the husband and wife and explains that if a thorn pricks her beloved she would also feel the pain.
Bedu pako bara masa
Narain kafal paako chaita, meri chhaila —(2)
The figs (bedu) ripens round the year, Narain
But the bayberry(kaphal) only ripens in the month of Chaitra/Chaith
Roona bhoona deen aaya
Narain pujo mero maita, meri chhaila
Those lovely days (of spring) are here
My dear Narain, please take me home to my parents
Almora ki Nanda Devi/ Nainital ki Naina Devi
Narain phul chadauni paati meri chhaila
Bedu pako bara masa…..
At the Nanda Devi shrine in Almora/At the Naina Devi shrine in Nainital
My dear Narain, people offer tributes of flowers and foliage
Almora ko lal bazaar
Narain lal matte ki seedhi meri chhalia,
Bedu pako baromasa…..
The Lal Bazaar at Almora
My dear Narain, has stairs of red earth
Tyar khutti ko kaano budo
Narain meri khutti ki peeda meri chhaila.
Bedu pako baromasa…..
If a thorn pierces your foot
My dear Narain, I sense the pain in mine
Aap khaani paan supari
Narain maike deeni bidi meri chhaila,
Bedu pako baromasa…..
They enjoy paan supari (betel nut and leaf)
My dear Narain, while I have to settle for bidi (rustic leaf-wrapped cigarette)
- Enjoy this delightful song and dance performed by the daughter of my childhood friend in Nainital Talent Hunt, Uttarakhand (India). Presenting Akshita Bisht. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZbjPlpyyC30
- Dance presentation by a Polish group https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rXQZ7WD5-wU
- This song is the official regiment song of the Kumaon and Garhwal Regiment of the Indian Army. (Instrumental presentation by the regiment using bagpiper) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6LFCgRbUsFs
GLOSSARY OF WORDS USED IN THE SONG :-
- Kafal -wild red-coloured bayberry.
- A raag or raga is a melodic framework for improvisation akin to a melodic mode in Indian classical music.
- Kumaon division: – It is one of the regions and administrative divisions of the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It includes the districts of Almora and Bageshwar.
- Garhwal division: – It is the western region of administrative division of the Indian state of Uttarakhand lying in the Himalayas, it is bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by the Kumaoni region.
- Chaita is “mid-March to mid-April” period of the year in the Indian Hindu Calendar.
- Red soil: Geru (Also used to make Aipan).
- Nainital and Amora are popular hill stations in the Indian State of Uttarakhand.
- Teen Murti Bhawan is the former residence of the first Prime Minister of India, New Delhi. He stayed there for 16 years until his own death on 27 May. It is now a memorial.
- Paan is a preparation combining betel leaf with areca nut.
- Areca Nut is the seed of the areca palm. It is commonly referred to as betel nut.
- Beedi is a thin handmade mini cigar filled with tobacco flakes and commonly wrapped in a Tendu or Diospyros melanoxylon leaf tied with a string.
Author’s Note:- Information and photographs have been widely sourced from various websites as well as my personal contacts. Please feel free to inform me of any misinformation or any violation.My email id firstname.lastname@example.org
References for information and photographs credits :
- Google search engine
- Mrs. Ranjana Bisht
- Miss Akshita Bisht
# This is the second post for #BlogchatterA2Z challenge. My theme is Uttarakhand-The Abode of Gods .
# You may access my theme reveal here::::: https://pashmeenachowdhary.home.blog/2020/03/16/blogchatter-a-to-z-challenge-2020-theme-reveal/
# Do share your links for quick access…Would love to read…. See you around!!!!!