Welcome to the second day of the #BlogchatterA2Z challenge!!!!!!!

Today I will take you on a journey through the wilderness of Uttarakhand to search for a fruit.I also assure you that it is going to be a lyrical journey!!!!

Come join me.


Botanical Name:- Ficus palmate

Local name:- Khemri (Hindi); Bedu (Kumaon); Indian Fig (English); Bendu (Nepali); Anjir.


It is a sweet and juicy fruit and is found in abundance in the wild. It is a source of minerals, phosphorus and a small amount of Vitamin C.

Medicinal uses:-

  • Helps in relieving inflammation
  • Sap is used in the treatment of warts.
  • Treatment of constipation and diseases of the lungs and bladder.
  • The latex of the plant is also used to take out thorns if they are lodged deep in the skin.


  • Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization. Each species of fig requires a specialized species of wasp that is itself totally dependent upon that fig species in order to breed.
  • The trees produce three types of flowers:-  male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.

I am sharing a few YouTube links to answer some important questions:-

  1. Do figs contain digested wasps?
  • Life cycle of a fig wasp.
  • Video of wasps entering a fig.

Even though the current generation is not very fond of the Bedu fruit but it has been immortalized in the form of a song ‘Bedu pako barah masa’.

 So, here begins our enthralling lyrical journey……

 ‘Bedu pako barah masa’ is a Kumaoni folk song reflecting the natural beauty, the changing seasons and traditions of Uttarakhand.

The refrain which is  ‘Bedu pako barah masa’  can be translated as follows:-

Bedu means berries; pako means ripe; barah means 12; Masa is month. Collectively it means, Berries ripen in all twelve months.

The song is like the state anthem of Uttarakhand. It has been performed worldwide and sends waves of nostalgia, longing and attachment for those who belong to this state.

The song was written by Brijendra Lal Shah and composed by Mohan Upreti and B M Shah in Raag Durga. According to Wikipedia, it was first played on stage in 1952 at the Government Inter College, Nainital and became familiar nationally when it was performed at Teen Murti Bhavan in honour of an international gathering. The then Prime Minister of India,Jawaharlal Nehru, chose this song as the best folk song among other participants from India.

Bedu pako barah masa:-


The theme of the refrain (‘Bedu pako barah masa’) is symbolic.The Bedu fruit which ripens round the year is not valued much but the deliciously sweet bayberry only appears briefly during the short season in April and May i.e. in the month of Chaith. Thus it is something to look forward to in the midst of an ordinary existence. In a state typified by mountainous terrain the warmth of spring and summer brings a promising bounty of flowers and berries and gladdens the heart.

The verses express the emotions of a woman giving reasons to her beloved husband as she wants to visit her mother’s place.

In general, ‘Bedu’ fruit has only a limited value be it eating or other usages among Kumaoni and Garhwali people, hence not considered as a fruit at all. However ‘Kaphal’ not only tastes good but also it happens to ripen around the month when natural beauty touches its extreme.

This entire natural beauty instigates childhood memories and fun days within her heart and she expresses her interest of going to her mother’s place. It shows her longing to visit her mother. The composer has also included places like Almora and Nainital in the songs and the famous things therein. In one of the lines the composer provides us with the powerful bond of love between the husband and wife and explains that if a thorn pricks her beloved  she would also feel the pain.


Bedu pako bara masa
Narain kafal paako chaita, meri chhaila —(2)

The figs (bedu) ripens round the year, Narain

But the bayberry(kaphal) only ripens in the month of Chaitra/Chaith

Roona bhoona deen aaya
Narain pujo mero maita, meri chhaila

Those lovely days (of spring) are here

My dear Narain, please take me home to my parents

Almora ki Nanda Devi/ Nainital ki Naina Devi
Narain phul chadauni paati meri chhaila
Bedu pako bara masa…..

At the Nanda Devi shrine in Almora/At the Naina Devi shrine in Nainital

My dear Narain, people offer tributes of flowers and foliage

Almora ko lal bazaar
Narain lal matte ki seedhi meri chhalia,
Bedu pako baromasa…..

The Lal Bazaar at Almora

My dear Narain, has stairs of red earth

Tyar khutti ko kaano budo
Narain meri khutti ki peeda meri chhaila.
Bedu pako baromasa…..

If a thorn pierces your foot

My dear Narain, I sense the pain in mine

Aap khaani paan supari
Narain maike deeni bidi meri chhaila,
Bedu pako baromasa….

They enjoy paan supari (betel nut and leaf)

My dear Narain, while I have to settle for bidi (rustic leaf-wrapped cigarette)


  1. Kafal -wild red-coloured  bayberry.
  • A raag or raga is a melodic framework for improvisation akin to a melodic mode in Indian  classical music.
  • Kumaon division: – It is one of the regions and administrative divisions of the Indian state  of Uttarakhand. It includes the districts of Almora and Bageshwar.
  • Garhwal division: – It is the western region of administrative division of the Indian state  of Uttarakhand  lying in the Himalayas, it is bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by the Kumaoni region.
  • Chaita is “mid-March to mid-April” period of the year in the Indian Hindu Calendar.
  • Red soil:  Geru (Also used to make Aipan).
  • Nainital and Amora are popular hill stations in the Indian State of Uttarakhand.
  • Teen Murti Bhawan  is the former residence of the first Prime Minister of India, New Delhi. He stayed there for 16 years until his own death on 27 May. It is now a memorial.
  • Paan is a preparation combining betel leaf with areca nut.
  • Areca Nut is the seed of the areca palm. It is commonly referred to as betel nut.
  • Beedi is a thin handmade mini cigar filled with tobacco flakes and commonly wrapped in a Tendu or Diospyros melanoxylon leaf tied with a string.

Author’s Note:- Information and photographs have been widely sourced from various websites as well as my personal contacts. Please feel free to inform me of any misinformation or any violation.My email id pashmeenachowdhary@gmail.com

References for information and photographs credits :

# This is the second post for #BlogchatterA2Z challenge. My theme is Uttarakhand-The Abode of Gods .

# You may access my theme reveal here::::: https://pashmeenachowdhary.home.blog/2020/03/16/blogchatter-a-to-z-challenge-2020-theme-reveal/

# Do share your links for quick access…Would love to read…. See you around!!!!!

Published by Pashmeena Chowdhary

May you live in such a way,that others will say,"She is a woman,who though ordinary,somehow stands out and has a beautiful story to tell." 😊 (Daisaku Ikeda)

38 thoughts on “B – BEDU FRUIT

  1. This was the first song I learnt after marriage…Trying my hand at impressing the family😁😁
    In fact the uttarakhandis swear by bedu. For them it’s the all essential fruit and look at its usefulness!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. You brought a smile to my face was imagining the family’s reaction 🤗😃Yes,it us really an essential part of their life..Also this is the main song I have heard throughout my school life.. Thanks for visiting.. God bless you..


  2. Another interesting post. I watched the video of the daughter of your childhood friend. Looks like she was enjoying the dancing and it looks like it would be fun (and good exercise!) to do.


  3. You are so lucky to be enjoying the fruits of nature residing in the lap of nature! Really, you make me envious. Have eaten fig as a dry fruit only many times but seeing it in the fresh fruit first time. Thanks for sharing this info. The song too is ‘mast’.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for your lovely words.. Am blessed to live in the hills throughout my life..First in Uttarakhand and now in Himachal..The song is very popular..Well India has so much to offer.. See you around..


  4. Folk songs have an element of charm. With the explanation that you gave, it gave me an instant connect with the lady in the song longing for visiting places, probably her parents on one hand and missing her husband on another if she goes there.
    I was surprised to know that Anjir aka Bendu grows all round the year at your end. Here in Maharashtra, we get to eat them only in a particular season and not throughout the year. Here fig is a speciality and not general everyday fruit like at your end.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. You read the post so nicely whuchvtefkects in your comment.. There is so much to discover in India..Fig here is now not much liked by the new generation.. Yes,the song is very famous..Thanks for all the love you have showered.


  5. Anjeer, as it is called in this part of the country, is a valued fruit. I’ve eaten sweets made of it, as also the fruit in packed form.

    This was an informative piece about the various benefits of the fruit.

    Also loved the folk song.

    All the best for the rest of the A2Z.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Wow, pashmeena that’s a complete guide to fig aka bedu fruit.
    Thanks for sharing such detailed information with pictures.
    Anjeer is love and I know crave for it at this time.
    I loved the lyrics of the song and thanks for explaining it.

    Liked by 1 person

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