“Jai Nyay Devta Golu Apki Jai ho”.
Welcome to the seventh day of the #BlogchatterA2Z challenge.
Golu Devta is the God of Justice of Uttarakhand.
In Kumaon he is referred to as Golu Devta and in Eastern Garhwal as Goril Devta.
There are a few temples dedicated to Golu Devta in Kumaon,Uttarakhand. The Chitai Golu Devta temple is the most prominent temple and is located at 4 km from the main gate of the Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary and is about 10 km from Almora.
The other famous temple is located near Bhowali at a place called Ghorakhal, next to the Sainik School in Ghorakhal which was established in 1966 in the estate of the Nawab of Rampur.Ghorakhal means a pond for watering the horses.
Historically Champawat is considered the place of origin of Golu Devta and a temple dedicated to him stands here.
In ancient times Golu Dev used to travel to large distances on his horse to meet the people in his kingdom.He used to hold Darbar (open meeting) and listen to their problems and help them. He is still highly revered by the people in this area.
Golu Dev still meets with his people and in many villages the practice of Golu Darbar is still prevalent.The most common form of Golu Dev Darbar these days is Jagar (You will read more about it in the letter J in the series)
People come to the temple of the deity seeking a problem for their solutions. They write down their problems and give it to the deity who is held in high esteem by the people of Uttarakhand. A bell is also tied along with the written request and hung in the temple premises.It is believed that no request goes unanswered here. After the wish is granted a thanksgiving visit is made and an offering is made to the deity.
The temple premises are full thousands of bells of various sizes along with written requests. These bells are neither used nor sold. It is therefore also called the “Temple of bells”.
These temples are a great attraction for the tourists also.
Golu Devta is considered as an incarnation of Shiva. He is considered to be the sonof a general of a Kasturi King. His mother Kalinka is believed to be the sister of two other local deities Harishchand Devjyun (the divine spirit of Raja Harish of the Chands) and Sem Devjyun and both these deities are regarded as uncles of Lord Golu.
The most popular story about Golu Dev talks of a local king who, while hunting, sent his servants to look for water. The servants disturbed a woman who was praying. The woman, in a fit of anger, taunted the king that he could not separate two fighting bulls and proceeded to do so herself. The king was very impressed by this deed and he married the lady.
When this queen gave birth to a son, the other queens, who were jealous of her, placed a stone in its place and the child in a cage and put the cage into the river. The child was brought up by a fisherman.
When the boy grew up he took a wooden horse to the river and on being questioned by the queens he replied that if women can give birth to stone then wooden horses can drink water.
When the king heard about this, he punished the guilty queens and crowned the boy, who went on to be known as Golu devta.
Golu Devta is seen in the form of Lord Shiva, his brother Kalva Devta is in the form on Bhairava and his sister Garh Devi in the form of Shakti.
Normally 3 days pooja or 9 days pooja is performed to worship Lord Golu Devta also known as Goreel Devta in Chamoli District(Garhwal). Various offerings are made. Animal sacrifice is also prevalent, though it has been banned now. Golu Devta is offered white Cloths, white pagari (turban) and white shawl.
Many movie scenes have been picturised here.Prominent ones are Madhumati(1958), Vivah(2006), Baaz: A Bird in Danger (2003) in the Ghorakhal temple.
(I have visited it many times in my school life and specifically on days of my Class X and XII board exams as our exam centre was in the Sainik School at Ghorakhal.)
Author’s Note:- Information and photographs have been widely sourced from various websites as well as my personal contacts.Please feel free to inform me of any misinformation or any violation.My email id firstname.lastname@example.org
References for information and photographs credits :
- Mrs. Ranjana Bisht
- Google search engine results
# This is the seventh post for #BlogchatterA2Z challenge. My theme is Uttarakhand-The Abode of Gods .
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